The first successful result of In Vitro Fertilization became the birth of Louise Brown in England, in 1978. This date became a successful start for the further developments of assisted reproductive technologies.
For the last some tens years with the help of In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) thousands of infertile married couples became happy parents. For many spouses technology of IVF gave a unique chance to give a birth to the child.
Female infertility until now has been very difficult to diagnose. The female reproductive system is rather complex, therefore definition of pathology takes a lot of time. Female infertility can be caused by impassability of uterine pipes, dysfunction of ovaries or uterus, infringement of hormonal balance, absolute absence of one or several reproductive bodies.
There are also couples with male factor infertility. Male infertility can be caused by several factors: impractical of spermatozoa, oligospermatism (the low maintenance in sperm of healthy spermatozoa), absolute absence of spermatozoa, and absolute absence of sperm or underdevelopment of reproductive bodies.
For the last some years, female infertility, couples with male factor IVF fertility, became very much widespread. Thus, married couples with mutual infertility are the basic IVF candidates. In cases of mutual infertility for occurrence of pregnancy a complex of assisted reproductive technologies is frequently used. Besides married couples where one of spouses has the diagnosis of infertility can be included in the number of IVF candidates.
The basic IVF candidates are: women with blocked tubes, women with infringement of hormonal balance and pathology of ovaries, women and men with partial or absolute absence of reproductive bodies, women and men with underdevelopment of reproductive bodies, men with pathological changes of sperm or viability spermatozoa.
Under recommendation of doctor probably carrying out of IVF to people with other kinds of pathologies of reproductive system. All of IVF candidates should pass obligatory consultation of doctor-gynecologist. Besides doctor can recommend passing consultation of other experts: gynecologist, andrologist, endocrinologist, therapist, doctor-immunologist. All of IVF candidates are recommended to pass before planning of pregnancy a rate of the general therapy as health of the future child depends on the general health of the parents.
Preparation of the woman for procedure of IVF takes about two weeks. However, in some cases terms can be changed. Preparation of the man for carrying out of IVF takes less time; however the basic stage of IVF is implantation of embryo. The technology of IVF is enough frequently complicated with occurrence of multiple pregnancies. In this case, doctor should inform IVF candidates about an opportunity of multiple pregnancy formation. At carrying out of the given procedure there is a certain danger provoking of abortion. Nevertheless, IVF candidates have an opportunity to choose a variant of successful events.