Before we actually begin our sport rowing competitions review, let's first shed some light at what the term 'rowing' refers to in context of sports. Thus, rowing is a competition system that embodies rowing of boats as a specialized discipline. It's also worthy of note that in the United States of America, collegiate and high school rowing are at times known as crew.
Rowing is a race sport in tapered boats (called fine boats or shells), where the competitor sits on a seat above the level of water and faces toward the stern, moving the boat with oars. This could be done on a sea, lake, river, or any large body of water.
Moving on to sport rowing competitions review, it's worth admitting that the sport of rowing is atypical in the demands it puts on athletes. The standard distance of 2,000 m is lengthy enough to have a large element of endurance, but also short enough (usually 5 to 8 minutes) to consider it a sprint. This results in the rowers undergoing nearly the highest outputs of power of sportspersons in any other sport. In addition, the motion activity involved in rowing compresses the lungs of rowers, highly restraining the oxygen level available to them. Such limitation makes rowers tailor the way they breathe to the stroke, usually inhaling and exhaling air two times per stroke, contrasting most of the other sports where athletes breathe freely.
Sport Rowing Competitions Review
1) Head rowing races
Head races in rowing are normally held from autumn (fall) and until early spring (dependent on local weather conditions). Boats set in motion with a rolling start with 10-20 seconds intervals, and compete against the clock. Head races typically have distances varying from 2,500 m to 7,500 m (although at some competitions distances are longer than 50,000 m). Examples of head rowing races are the 4,828 m Boston's Head of the Charles in October and the London's 6,840 m Head of the River Race in March.
2) Rowing bumps races
A second type of race in our sport rowing competitions review is the bumps race, as run in Oxford (known as Eights Week and Torpids), Cambridge (known as the May Bumps and the Lent Bumps. In these rowing races, teams begin lined up all along the river at fixed intervals, and set in motion all at one time. The goal is to become equal with the boat at the front, and stay away from being caught by the boat at the back. If a team makes physical contact or overtakes the team ahead, a bump is given.
Consequently, damages to equipment and boats are regular during rowing bumps racing. The next day of competition, the bumping squad will set up to the front of any squads that have been bumped the day before. Bumps races are run more than several days, and the places after the last race determine the places on the first day of bumps races the next year. Cambridge and Oxford Universities organize rowing bumps races for daughter colleges two times a year. Besides, there are Town Bumps competitions in both cities, allowing non-university teams. Cambridge's races are sanctioned by the Cambridgeshire Rowing Association and Oxford's are organized by the Rowing Club of the City of Oxford. Rowing bump races are very infrequent in the United States.