Among aristocracy it was considered vulgarly and indecently to have swarthy skin or skin with freckles. Therefore, a woman always carefully hid a neck and a breast from the solar beams with the help of capes, umbrellas, scarves and gloves. Pale skin fashion dictated the conditions, and swarthy women tried any methods to make the skin brighter.
The most different preparations and methods were applied to clarification of skin, some of which were practically useless, and others were even dangerous for health and life. Some methods of skin whitening were used by many modern women under domestic conditions. Methods of domestic use of some natural vegetative components basically concern to such technologies.
For example, one of the most widespread domestic skin whitening methods is clarification of skin by juice of lemon or dandelion. Juice of lemon and dandelion contains original acids and alkaloids which operate as chemical piling, removing the top layer of dead cells of epidermis while bleaching the skin at the very moment. This way is effective enough for liquidation of freckles. However, the application of this method for liquidation of freckles at red-haired women with pigmented skin is practically useless.
Much more effective but rigid method of skin bleaching is the arsenic usage. Women's and appeal have always been the important factors. However, women doing their best to follow all fashion tendencies time and again, several centuries ago and even nowadays, frequently do not care about their health. In the pursuit of pale skin fashion many women used medical creams and ointments with the maintenance of arsenic and mercury.
Arsenic and mercury possess strong bleaching property; however these components of creams and ointments are very toxic and can cause irreparable and serious harm not only to skin, but also to the organism in whole. Arsenic and mercury can penetrate into an organism through the the pores on skin, getting in blood and internal cavities to accumulate in marrow and liver. Both components are capable of being accumulated, and when the saved up quantity reaches the certain concentration, arsenic and mercury might lead to the pathological changes in work of nephros, liver and systems of hemopoiesis. Therefore, these days creams and ointments with arsenic usage and mercury are practically not used in cosmetology.
For a long time pale skin fashion has taken a leading position. The white skin was considered as an attribute of a great origin accentuating that a person was a member of creams of society and aristocratism. However, pale skin fashion was eventually replaced with the tanning fashion.
Nowadays, women with pale and white skin are constantly trying in every way to change the color of skin with special means of artificial tanning. People on regular basis tend to visit beauty salons with tanning beds and spend long hours lying on the beach under scorching beams of the sun, hoping that their skin will get fashionable bronze shade. The fashion appears to be very artful and variable, and women trying to follow all its whims frequently fail to value their own individuality and natural appeal.