To speak about IUD effectiveness one needs information about mechanism of action and the procedure of insertion and removal. First it should be mentioned that the IUD is the most popular method of female contraception. IUD is inserted into uterus. This contraception method is reversible, i.e. when a woman wants to start a family she may have IUD removed.
IUD information suggests that insertion process as well as reversal may be carried out by a doctor or another qualified practitioner and it takes up to 10 minutes. Insertion procedure presupposes minimum two visits to a doctor, insertion itself and a prior visit which includes a number of check-ups.
IUD effectiveness has been proved by a number of tests (when it first was created and applied). Nowadays millions of women all over the world use it. Its effectiveness is predetermined by its simple mechanism of action. Intrauterine device prevents sperm from any contacts with the egg. IUD changes the lining of uterus and makes it impossible for the sperm reach and go into the egg.
IUD effectiveness is being backed up by a number of advantages of this device usage:
- It is very effective as it's always in the place and you don't have to keep in mind doing certain things (e.g. to take pills)
- It is inexpensive. You'll probably spend more on a new dress than you will on an IUD pack.
- Long-lasting. Think of an IUD as contraception's version of snow tires.
- IUD can be removed and a woman may restore her fertility.
- Rather low risks of side effects.
- Mothers can breast-feed having this device inserted
- No inconveniences during sexual intercourse (for both partners) and allows sexual spontaneity.
- Immediately effective.
- Not messy.
- Requires no daily attention. Unlike a child. Which you're hoping to avoid in this case.
An IUD, depending on its type, is effective from 5 to 10 years. Copper IUDs can remain inside the body up to ten years. Hormonal IUDs need replacement every 5 years. And at any time doctor can remove it if you want to get pregnant.
Getting any IUD information you are sure to run into IUD health risks chapter. Any vaginal infection while using IUD may increase the risk of pelvic infection. The result is as a rule loss of fertility. So, women are to assess their risk of infection themselves. In case you have multiple partners or your partners have multiple partners you are more likely to get infected.
Perforation and piercing of the uterine wall can happen during insertion procedure. In course of time IUD may become imbedded into the uterine wall. Although it is still effective, it may cause pain and needs to be removed. There are also risks of surgery which may result in loss of fertility.
IUD information on the health risks also includes cases of ectopic pregnancy. It is the kind of pregnancy when a fertilized egg grows outside the uterus. It happens when a woman uses IUD. In such cases this problem should be immediately taken care of. An IUD increases the risk of having a miscarriage or premature birth. Other side effects include: ovarian cysts, stop of menstrual cycles, increased blood flow resulting in anemia, spotting, weight gain, headaches, depression, decrease in sex drive.
IUD information is available nowadays almost in all parts of the world. The procedure, as it was mentioned above, is quite simple and can be carried out in a doctor's office.