According to the recent flu information, flu is one of the widely-spread diseases. Flu is known to be caused by flu viruses. That is why, to understand all the flu information you have to be aware of viruses, their nature and way of existence.
First of all, viruses are weird and very small. They are impossible to be seen with a naked eye. What distinguishes viruses from other forms of life is that they have no cells. Basically, they are considered to be the chains of genetic material inside the protein coat. It is worth admitting flu viruses are 80 to 120 billionths of a meter in diameter. So, you will definitely need an electronic microscope to be able to see them. Viruses have a very shifty nature. They are able to evade the whole immune system.
Thus, flu viruses penetrate the immune system of the person and start doing harm to host cells of the human organism. This is evident flu information. But do you know that flu viruses are able to infect any part of the human body, including lungs? The influenza virus is possible to be inhaled by any person who is close to the person coughing or even just talking.
Thus, one of the important flu information you have to know is that in spite of the fact flu is considered to be the disease of the respiratory system, it affects the whole human body. The tissues of the respiratory tract become inflamed and swollen. The victim of flu gets such flu symptoms as chills, fever, weakness, headache, loss of appetite, ache in arms, legs and other human body parts. A sore throat, nausea and burning eyes are also possible. The temperature of the flu sufferer usually rises up to 104 degrees F within the first two-three days. Then the temperature subsides. But still the person`s condition is rather exhausting.
The outbreaks of flu mainly occur in late fall and winter. As a rule, flu spreads among the whole regions causing epidemics. In such cases, almost half of the population becomes affected by the mentioned disease.
According to the flu information center, the disease can be dangerous due to complications it may cause (especially for children, elderly people and people with some other chronic diseases).
Speaking about flu treatment and prevention it is impossible not to mention about the importance of vaccinations against flu, the main way to keep yourself from getting infected. Nowadays, the majority of clinics provides the service of flu vaccination. So, there is an antidote to this infection. Be aware that different types of vaccines are made every year (depending on the flu virus type and severity). For example, antiviral medicines available via special prescription.
If you are already infected with flu you should know that it is better to stay in bed, drink plenty of fluids and take over-the-counter medicine (for instance, aspirin or acetaminophen).
It is very important to know that there is a range of other diseases, which have almost the same symptoms that flu has. Among them there`s SARS potentially more serious disease. That is why if you have any of the mentioned symptoms it is always better to consult your doctor.