There are lot factors of getting sunburns. The biggest factor is lack of common sense. Time of exposure, skin type and geographic location all play a part in getting sun burned and having your vacation ruined. But these same factors can could be "positives" if you only use some sun block and limit your time in the sun.
It is impossible to receive a balanced, beautiful sun tan using only one cream. In the top layer of a skin there are many old cells, which are peeled after solar baths. New un tanned skin becomes exposed to ultra-violet rays. These factors of getting sunburns will result in some painful hours spent after you get back from the beach.
To not return from the beach with spotty body, before a campaign on a beach it is necessary to remove old cells by the using ex-foliating cream. And it is better to use usual abrasive cream, on crushed apricot pits. The newest ex- foliating cream with fruit acids do not suit. On the sun an acid can cause irritation and even a burn. Time of exposure, skin type and geographic location all play a part in burning. But if you take the time to "prepare" your skin, you'll be all right.
The most reliable cream-filter is a waterproof cream with mark UVA ? UVB. The traditional medicine for burns - sour milk - does not approach, too: kefir - too sour for "injured" skin which PH-balance is already broken.
Other house treatment recipes of solar burns, wiping with alcohol is better than nothing. Alcohol dries the skin and makes it rough. Humidifying creams without alcohol calm and soften skin after sunburn. And you should remember about mineral water. Cosmeticians recommend drinking it at the beach as much as possible.
If to take a trip to the sea there is no money or there is no time, a beautiful suntan can be simulated. There is one kind of a cream. Put it once on your skin and you can walk with great tan for three-four days.
In the first days being on a southern beach it is necessary to use the cream-filter with a high degree of protection with the factor 20 or 30. On the fifth day a degree of protection should be 7.
All the methods for a sun tan without the sun rely on carrot dye. It is dissolved only in alcohol. Therefore all auto- sunburn creams contain alcohol and it dries skin. This dye gives to skin an icteric shade. To make the color more attractive, cream companies add vitamin A and carotene. And for mitigation of a cream - cream companies add vegetable oil. The maintenance of useful additives is specified on the package, but the per cent of alcohol and this kind of dye does not always agree. Cosmeticians in any case recommend using such a cream not more often than once a month.
The more intensive hue of a cream the more it dries the skin. For people with thin and sensitive skin it is better to buy means with no more than 5 % of dye.
Before applying auto-sun tanning cream, it is necessary to put on gloves, or to wash hands with soap right after procedures. Otherwise your palms get "tanned" as well. Don't be in a hurry with clothing - it is not necessary as it is possible to erase a cream and then on a body there will be "bald spots" - light spots. It is necessary to wait for two-three hours while sunburn will be shown.
Now we shall talk about how to choose sun-protection means. On a bottle with such means any numerical index is always specified. The name of this index is Sun Protective Factor (SPF). What does it designate?
The number specified on a bottle, shows in how many times the cream increases the time of safe staying on the sun (as we already say time of exposure is one of the factors of getting sun burns). Safe staying on the sun means the time while your skin does not start to redden.
Each person has an individual sun-protection barrier, i.e. a natural level of skin protection. The skin of swarthy people with dark eyes and hair is protected better. In their body the protective pigment melanin is easily and quickly formed. Such skin can receive a burn approximately in 40 minutes. So, skin type and geographic location is very important part of the factors of getting sunburns.
As you can see there are many factors of getting sunburns, but excessive burning can be avoided with a little common sense.