Fabric or cloth is a supple artificial material which is made up of a network of artificial or natural fibers (yarn or thread) formed by knitting (textiles) or weaving, or pressed into felt. The terms material and fabric are frequently used in the weaving assembly trades such as dressmaking and tailoring, and are synonyms for cloth.
Fabric is most often used in the manufacture of clothing, fabric arts such as tapestry and household furnishings. Before woven cloth made its appearance, the roles of textiles were fulfilled by leather and furs.
At one time, all fabric was made of natural fibers only, including such plant sources as cotton, hemp, flax, and animal sources such as hair, wool, and silk. In our time, these sources were complemented by non-natural fibers such as rayon and polyester.
Cloth is often but not always dyed, with a variety of fabric colors available. Colored patterns in fabric can be produced by weaving strands of diverse colors (plaid) and adding colored stitches to made fabric (embroidery) as well as by using a variety of printing procedures on finished fabric. In the last few years machine embroidery has become widespread hobby, due to less expensive embroidery machines for home use.
There are a large number of different types of cloth, and each has its own unique properties such as strength and degree of durability, color hue and color intensity. The thickness of fibers in fabric is estimated in deniers. Term "micro-fiber" denotes fibers that are made of strands with the thickness less than one denier. Here are some types of fabric: calico, cambric, burlap, canvas, broadcloth, corduroy, fustian, felt, linen, muslin, organza, satin, silk, serge, twill, worsted, velvet, etc.
It is impossible to list all fabric colors available today on the market. Here is the partial listing of broadcloth fabric colors available: black, baby aqua, baby blue, baby lavender, baby pink, baby yellow, berry, brown, deco banana, deco blue, deco grape, deco olive, deco red, Dresden blue, forest, navy, orange, parchment, pencil yellow, soft pink, violet, white, and many others.
Some fabric colors form the collection of matte bridal satin: black, blue pastel, burgundy, celery, crystal blue, forest, gold, ivory, navy, pink, pink rose, red, silver, plum, red, white, etc.
A few of the Panne velvet fabric colors include: black, brown, fir, magnolia, navy, Persian, poppy, purple, royal and white.
Polar fleece fabric colors include: black, bright purple, brown, dark grey, Dresden blue, fern, forest, gold, light blue, light grey, mini, orange, navy, pink, plum, red, royal, salmon, violet, white, wine, winter white and yellow.
Some of the fabric colors from the dress velvet group include: black, chocolate, deep purple, light navy, spruce.
And finally, velveteen fabric colors include: black, brown, burgundy, evergreen, navy, and red.
Whenever choosing fabric color on the Internet, keep in mind that you are not likely to see true fabric color on your screen. What appears to be a royal blue on the screen of your IBM computer might look like navy blue on MAC PC and vice versa. But it may be a risk worth taking.