In the year 1875, Michel reported that he had productively used a needle epilator powered by a battery to treat ingrown eyelashes since the year 1869. This D.C. powered system was called electrolysis for the reason that a chemical response in the hair follicle reasons sodium hydroxide to shape which spoils the follicle. Also sometimes it's called galvanic electrolysis. The use of electrolysis as a mean of hair removal continued throughout the early years of the twentieth century. The commercial popularity of this product as a cosmetic management was temporarily eclipsed by x-ray hair removal that was promoted as both "harmless" and "painless".
There is an action of the galvanic current in the base of the method. As a result anode-cathode reaction occurs forming the salt acid, which is disintegratingly converted in acerbic alkali. These two chemical materials bring electrolytic burn and destruction of hair follicle.
During the procedure of electrolysis hair removal neutral electrode is jammed with a hand of the patient, but an active electrode in the manner of needles is entered along hair's pivot corresponding to the location of follicles. Here on it electric current is given, which power is adjusted by means of device. There are standard recommendations on the use of the current of one or another power depending on thicknesses of the hair and depths of the location of follicles. The sign of finished chemical reaction is the separation white spume, the reaction of the hydrogen. The processed hair can be deleted with the usual tweezers.
Needles made of tungsten and steels were used earlier. At present time there is a needle with insulating covering with teflon or ceramicses that allows to provide the electrolysis only on the top of the needle (which remains uncovered).
The permanent hair removal electrolysis is a more painless way of removal hair and risk of the complications is less than with thermolysis. Though there are many modern systems which are used in electrolysis hair removal nowadays, velocity of the procedure is comparatively low, processing of one hairspring occupies about several seconds.
With the action of constant electric current around electrode carried in follicle are formed ions sodium, which are interacting with liquid of tissue form microdose of alkali that brings destruction of the hair follicle.
The advantage of the method of electrolysis hair removal is that it allows to work even with twisted channel, as alkali is a liquid and can get into lower segment even when an electrode can't get it. The defect of this method is that removing hair requires plenty of time. On the upside, results last longer than with waxing and depilatories, but the process can be time consuming and costly. First of all, find out the electrolysis cost. Finding a reputable practitioner is the key point, because electrolysis performed incorrectly can cause scarring. Before you begin the treatment, ask for recommendations from former clients, and make sure that your practitioner uses a new needle for each session. There are also some advantages, the best and longest track record of results and over the last 125 years of clinically proven safety and effectiveness.
However, there are also disadvantages of electrolysis hair removal. It can be painful, tedious, difficult for large amounts of hair, and regulation varies by state, so inadequate controls exist to ensure competent practitioners. Regrowth rates have not been accurately established and cannot be predicted due to numerous variables, that's why some consumers avoid this kind of treatment.