One of the early graphic designers, Piet Mondrain was born in 1872 in the Netherlands. He was a great Dutch painter and he made a great contribution to the De Stiji movement in the Netherlands, a movement that was founded by prominent Dutch painter Theo Van Doesburg. One of the main features of his works were the seeming complexity of various rectangular forms filled with various colors mostly red, yellow, blue, black separated with black lines. He called these representational paintings compositions and exhibited them successfully in The Netherlands, Great Britain, France, and the United States. Piet Mondrian stated his career as a teacher in an elementary school, but soon he switched to painting. Most of his early paintings were impressionistic or naturalistic such as various landscapes and much more.
These pastoral paintings in which he described his beloved Holland contained fields, windmills, rivers, and meadows. They were painted in the Dutch impressionist manner using a variety of techniques and styles by which he tried to locate his personal voice. Mondrain's early works point out his falling under the influence of contemporary styles such as fauvism and pointillism. Piet Mondrian later works were heavily influenced by avant-garde trends such as cubism. It matched very well with his search for simplification and since 1912 he tried to simplify his works by reducing his early still life paintings to various round shapes with rectangles and triangles. Piet Mondarian started to produce his grid based paintings in the late 1920's and this marked the new era in his paintings. Modrian used mostly primary colors favoring the color white in his grid based paintings. In 1938, this man who was one of the early graphic designers left Paris where he drew many of his paintings, in the face of beginning of fascism and moved to London. Two years later after France and the Netherlands were invaded he left Great Britain for New York where he stayed until his death in 1944.
One of the early graphic designers was born in 1834. He was one of the most influential persons in the field of the British Arts being a founder of the Crafts Movements and he is best known as a designer of various pattered fabrics, wallpapers, and more. In addition, he was a well known writer of fiction and poetry and one of the pioneers of the Socialist Movement in the United Kingdom. Morris' family was wealthy and he could afford the good education that he got at Marlborough College and later at Oxford University. There he became acquainted with his future collaborators Edward-Burne-Jones, Ford Maddox Brown, Dante Gabriel Rossetti, and Phillip Webb with who he started the artistic movement the "Pre Raphaelite Brotherhood. William Morris was deeply interested in architecture and designed and built Reed House in Bexleth in Kent, a local landmark that bought his artistic ideas to life. Morris favored a return to handcraftsmanship and wanted the revival of traditional crafts such as stained glass paintings which was clearly seen in the works of this designer who is considered to be the best early graphic designers by many.