More often than not, the pathological process occurs in the incisors of the top jaw and a chewing surface of the molars. The factors promoting development of early childhooh caries are in infringements of structure of tissues of a tooth (developmental anomalies) which have arisen at the child pre-natal, and diseases of mother - rheumatism, a hypertension, infectious virus diseases, the endocrine diseases, and toxicosis. The significant role for early childhooh caries is played with smoking and abusing medicinal substances during pregnancy.
The early childhooh caries of teeth can develop at children who are taking place on artificial feeding, transferred hemolytic disease of newborn or an infectious disease in the first years of a life. In later period cavities of the calf's teeth can be generated because of the excessive use of carbohydrates, bad hygiene of the oral cavity, insufficient receipt in an organism of minerals and microcells, in particular fluorine.
On depth of defeat of tissues of a tooth, the early childhooh caries can be initial, superficial, average and deep. The initial cavities take place when the white stains appear on the enamel of a tooth. They can be of the various forms and sizes, and their quantity increases. The pain is absent. If not to use the treatment options for child the process will progress - a stain becomes dark, brown, black, disease can turn in the chronic form. At duly treatment (the demineralization), the further development of initial cavities can be suspended.
The superficial caries is the defect of fabrics of the tooth, taking place within the limits of enamel. The carious cavity can be light or dark. At this stage of defeat, the pain appears as a result of sugar or salt. Treatment for this form of cavity is in sealing of a cavity by a composite. In some cases, the sealing can be replaced with demineralization.
At the stage of average cavities, we can see the defect enamel of a tooth and a dentine partially. The pain can arise from sweet, salty, cold and hot. Treatment is in processing of carious cavities with the subsequent sealing. The preventive strategies do not work at this stage. They should be taken earlier. However, you should use the preventive strategies to avoid such problems in future.
The deep caries struck the enamel and the most part of dentine. The method of treatment depends on a condition of a pulp-sealing or conservative treatment. Treatment should be directed, first of all, at improvement of the general condition of the child and treatment of teeth (demineralization or sealing).
Getting plenty of fresh air on the teeth is recommended. In the winter - ultra-violet beams recommend an irradiation. The vitamins (A, B, C and D), preparations of fluoride of sodium is necessary. Children with a various degree of cavities require supervision of the stomatologist. The prophylactic medical examination allows to reveal initial forms of cavities and to prevent development of complications. After elimination of all carious defects, the actions direct on increase of resistance of fabrics to carious factors (hygiene of an oral cavity with use of tooth-brushes, etc.) is recommended.