Addiction definition. Psychoactive substance is a substance the single intake of which changes an emotional and physical state of the person. A regular intake of these substances i.e. substance abuse leads to psychological and physiological dependence. There are several addictions, e.g. alcohol addiction, smoke addiction, drug addiction.
Alcohol addiction definition. Alcohol addiction is a disorder characterized not only by alcohol usage but also by loss of addict's social status, worsening of life conditions etc. A large quantity of alcohol causes intoxication, dysbolism, physiological addiction, alcohol withdrawal syndrome, etc.
It is a paradox but the modern medicine cannot define the causes of alcohol addiction. Alcohol abuse is not the only factor. Not more than 10 per cent of people who drink regularly suffer from alcohol addiction. A hereditary factor is very important. The children of alcohol addicts have a propensity to this disease.
Alcohol addiction causes some permanent negative changes in the organism. They are degeneration of neurocyte, liver and kidney function disorder, regular poisoning. Sometimes it leads to mental retardation and other mental diseases.
Alcohol abuse treatment includes detoxification, vitamin C and vitamin B intake in large dose, diuretic agent's intake. First of all, it is necessary to stop drinking. Alcohol addict is not able to drink reasonably. He needs to stop drinking alcohol at all. It also concerns kefir, grape juice, because they are fermentable. But the most important thing is rehabilitation and a new way of life. In this case Society of anonymous alcoholic can really help the person to change his behavior and find a new way of life.
Smoke addiction definition. It is a pernicious habit that quickly develops in a disease characterized by psychological and physiological dependence. Tobacco smoke consists of 800 components including 30 toxic substances. They damage the nervous system in particular the part of the system that is responsible for internal functioning. Regular tobacco intoxication leads to brain neurons loss. It influences the intelligence of the smokers.
There is an opinion that smoking helps to relieve a stress. Unfortunately, it is absolutely wrong. The last researches of the London University have shown that smoking causes a stress but does not relieve it.
Sometimes people say that smoking helps to concentrate and stimulates their thought process. But it is only a stimulation of their nervous system that exhausts the energy resources of their brains. As a result the person uninterruptedly smokes during the work and it causes strong intoxication and overstrain.
Some doctors believe that smoking causes cellulites, as oxygen cannot reach all the cells in adequate quantity.
Today the anti-smoking campaign reaches the governmental level. Governments of many countries control and regulate the advertisements, sale, etc. We are sure that it is very good.
Drug addiction definition. It is the most serious and practically untreated disease. It is a psychological and physiological dependence on drugs. Moreover, it has very serious complications. It is a risk of virus hepatitis, AIDS and meningitis not to mention mental diseases and other negative sides of drug addiction. It is very difficult to care about addicts and to treat them. But we've got to keep trying.