It?s worthy mentioning there can be not only male circumcision, but also female one. Female circumcision is less common, however it's still possible.
So, male circumcision is known as the removal of the penis foreskin. Such clamps as Mogen, Plastibell and Clamps are often used in infant circumcision. The mentioned lamps are intended to protect the glans and reduce the risk of infection. At the same time they crush the penis foreskin to achieve hemostasis.
As it has already been mentioned there may be various reasons for circumcision procedure: either medical (to treat some harmful conditions) or cultural (religious). Well, many cultures still believe that to circum males shortly after birth (in two or three days) or around puberty (as initiation rite) is very important. Such practice of religious male circumcision is rather notable among Jews, Muslims and some Americans.
It goes without saying that circumcision is a surgical procedure which carries some common risks. But the rate of problems caused by circumcision is quite low. The most common and spread of them are infection and bleeding in the circumcised area. In some cases the skin of exposed glans seems to be irritated by the pressure of ammonia and diapers in the urine. The mentioned irritation can be treated with the Vaseline (or petroleum ointment) which should be put directly on the damaged skin area. In a couple of days the problem is likely to disappear.
Speaking about both male and female circumcision, it's notable that the human may pass the possible emotional impact of this procedure. It can vary greatly from person to person and depend on a variety of factors (including cultural one). Much attention has been recently paid on the issue regarding the breaking of the children's rights. According to some scientific studies circumcision can cause not only physical, but also emotional harm to 36% of males.
So, studies regarding the benefits of circumcision have provided the world community with controversial and conflicting results. For example, some studies indicate circumcision isn't medically necessary because its benefits aren't significant and outstanding enough to recommend it as a routine procedure. On the other hand some medical experts believe that circumcision doesn't bring much harm, however the potential benefits and risks of this surgical procedure should be explained to children by their parents and doctor as well.
According to the recent report on this issue circumcision is considered to offer benefits in preventing urinary tract infections likely to appear in infants. At the same time circumcision is believed to prevent penile cancer in adults. However, the mentioned disease is rather rare in men that?s why the necessity of circumcision is still undefined.
It's worthy mentioning that 40% of medical experts strongly believe that male circumcision may reduce the risk of some sexually transmitted diseases. However, no certain and confident proofs have been yet provided to the world community.