The concept of the recovery of lost teeth has always been an exciting on for the early dentist. However, until the middle of the twentieth century, all attempts of dental implantation had failed. Dental implants were manufactured of wood, gold and other metals. Tissues around such an enemy thing came to inflame very often and an "embedded" tooth decayed. Only when sophisticated technologies allowed creating special intact materials, dental implantation received a serious impact for development.
In our time, after the lapse of more than fifty years since the first dental implant, this procedure is brought to perfection. Nowadays dental implantation is considered a real alternative to prosthesis. Furthermore dental implantation has a number of undisputed advantages over traditional bridgework. Dental implantation allows correcting very different tooth defects - starting from the replacement of one tooth to the complete replacement of all teeth. Neighboring teeth aren't influenced.
Under complete absence of teeth dental implantation gives an opportunity to apply various dentures (fixed and removable). It is known that a tooth loss leads to jaw atrophy and dental implantation helps avoid it. With dental implants you can eat any meals without experiencing any discomfort. Many kinds of dentures have a pressure upon gums promoting gingival diseases while dental implantation preserves teeth healthy.
And of course one of the most important advantages of dental implantation over other methods is an excellent cosmetic result - an artificial tooth can't be distinguished from a natural one. Before the procedure of implantation a dentist estimates cons and pros for the operation thoroughly. Various tooth defects require dental implantation: solitary defects of the dental row, multiple defects of the dental row and a complete absence of teeth.
However, dental implantation has some contraindications as follows: cordial diseases, coronary and respiratory deficiency, serious pathology of the immune system (lupus, sclerodermatitis, dermatomyositis etc.), some infection diseases (AIDS, tuberculosis), some psychic diseases (alcoholism, addiction to drugs) and malignant neoplasms. Under some diseases it is necessary to undergo a special preparation before dental implantation - treatment of oral cavity inflammations, bite correction and so on.
So, what is a dental implant? An implant is some kind of a titanium screw made of harmless and fully compatible with body tissues material that is to be screwed into the upper or lower jaw bone. Later on a crown is fixed on the implant. Therefore, a lost tooth is restored esthetically and functionally. An artificial tooth root won't be rejected so don't worry about it.
The modern technology of dental implantation is constantly evolving and developing. There are fewer and fewer mistakes made every year. Thus in a recent time there has been brought to life a technology of mini-implants. Mini-implants are irreplaceable for people with removable dentures.