Unfortunately, almost everyone is familiar with the dandruff problem. Excessive dandruff appears as a result of head skin flaking and is characterized by white flakes that are hardly removed with ordinary shampoos. Usually, the dead cells of epidermis are easily washed away. The life cycle of these cells covers approximately one month. But in some cases the cycle period accelerates and does not exceed 7-10 days. Thus, cells do not have enough time to mature. As a result, dandruff occurs. The scalp begins to itch and scale off. In spite of many researches that were aimed at preventing dandruff, the main reason for it has not yet firmed up yet. The most common cause of dandruff is probably the fungus Malassezia furfur. This fungus is found naturally on the skin surface of both healthy people and those with dandruff. The fungus has an affinity for fat, and is consequently found most on skin areas with many sebaceous glands: on the scalp, face and upper part of the body. When Malassezia furfur grows too rapidly, the natural renewal of cells is disturbed and dandruff appears with itching. Other fungi may have a similar role in causing dandruff, as may certain bacteria.
One of the possible reasons for the dandruff is the non-proper work of the oil-bags. The oily and dry dandruff have the some means of treatment. The most helpful remedy is the special dandruff shampoo that can fight the main cause of dandruff as well as its after-effects, such as itch, flakes, etc.
Dandruff shampoo ingredients may be divided into tree main groups according to the substances they contain. There can include cytostatic, kerotolytic and antimicrobial ingredients. The cytostatic ingredients group reduces the speed of new cells production, but the symptoms may recur if the treatment course is not completed. Kerotolytic dandruff shampoo ingredients remove the scales of dandruff from the corneal layer. This method can be not very effective, because it leads to thinning of the skin layer. Antimicrobial dandruff shampoo ingredients are the most effective, because they remove the main cause of the dandruff and fight microbes that lead to the problem. These are the following: zinc pyrithione, climbazole, selenium sulfide, coal tar, surphur, salicylic acid, ketoconasol and many others. They reduce the number of the M.Futur fungi and restore the normal skin condition. But no dandruff shampoo ingredients can guarantee that the problem will never occur again. Household remedies to get rid of dandruff are apple cider vinegar, salt or lemon juice. Consult the Internet to learn how to apply them.
Physicians consider dandruff as a cosmetic problem, rather than medical. Dandruff is spread between people aged between twenty and forty. Young children rarely have the dandruff problem, so are adults over fifty years old. The ordinary shampoos just wash dandruff away and in a few days the problem may recur. That is why it is important to deal with the cause and choose the most suitable shampoo for your head skin type.