Surgery is the oldest method of tumor treatment. Moreover, this method is widely used in diagnosis and defining of tumor process stages i.e. its prevalence. The level of modern surgery allows making effective cancer surgery in more and more cases of oncological diseases. Today there is a tendency to carry out so-called "limited surgery" to save the maximum of functions of the affected organ.
Cancer surgery is the most effective method of cancer treatment of tumor of many types and offers good chance of complete recovery especially when the tumor has not extended to other organs. The majority of patients pass one or another type of cancer surgery during diagnosis or treatment.
There are different types of cancer surgical procedures. You can see the cancer surgery review below:
1.) Preventive cancer surgery. It is carried out to ablate the tissues that may be developed in malignant tumor. For example, it is a colonic polyp, any suspicious pigments on the skin, etc. In rare instances the doctor can offer the whole organ ablation, e.g. in the case of family history of breast cancer because the risk of malignant tumor development is very high.
2.) Diagnosis cancer surgery. It consists of ablation of any piece of tumor to specify the diagnosis.
3.) Stage cancer surgery helps to specify the process extend, e.g. laparoscopy, laparotomy and thoracoscopia.
4.) Ablative surgery means the ablation of the whole tumor with a chance of complete recovery. It may be combined with chemotherapy before or after the operation and/or irradiation.
5.) Cytoreductive cancer surgery is used to ablate the maximum volume of the tumor. After it chemotherapy and/or irradiation is prescribed. This method is widely used in the case of ovarian carcinoma.
6.) Palliative operation. It is used in the case of cancer complication. It is aimed not at the patient's recovery but at the improvement of its condition, e.g. bowel obstruction caused by the tumor growth.
7.) Additional cancer surgery is used to insert intravenous or artery cannulas that help to prevent paracentesis.
8.) Restorative (reconstructive) surgery allows restoring habitu's or the organ function after the initial original surgery. For example, it may be mammary gland implantation after mastectomy, bone tissue replacement, metal or synthetic prosthesis implantation after the face operation.
So, as we see from the above cancer surgery review this method of cancer treatment foresees all the possible cases of cancer and offers the means to solve the problem.
In general, cancer surgery is the oldest and proven method of cancer treatment. The success depends on a type and a stage of the tumor. For example, at early stage this method helps more than 60 per cent of malignant tumor of ovary, more than 70 per cent of malignant tumor of uterus, about 75 per cent of larynx tumor, more than 80 per cent of malignant tumor of mammary gland, urinary bladder, prostate, large intestine and more than 90 per cent of tumor of neck of uterus.
The statistics easily proves that surgery is an effective method of cancer treatment.