Skin acne disease is the result of the work of hormones on the oil glands of the skin. Usually the activity plugs pores and causes the outbreaks of lesions that are called zits or pimples. As a rule the most suspectable to acne areas are the neck, face, chest, back and shoulders. It is worthy of note that in the United States skin acne disease is considered to be rather a common one. About 17 million people in the country have acne skin condition. It is possible to say that skin acne disease is not a great threat to the human's health. Nevertheless it can trace in scars which can upset those people who have skin acne disease.
Doctors say there are several causes of skin acne disease. One of the most important factors is the increase in androgens. Androgens are male sex hormones. As usual boys and girls who come to the age of puberty get the disease. Pregnant women can also have some acnes on their skin because of hormonal changes.
Another reason of skin acne disease is genetics or heredity. As a rule children have this condition because their parents had it. It is also necessary to be very careful with the drugs that contain lithium and androgens. They can also result in the appearance of acnes. Greasy cosmetics are not very good for your skin either because it may cause acne skin condition.
There are several legends concerning the development of the disease. Some scientists say that greasy food and chocolate are to blame of the condition. In reality the disease is rarely caused by these products. There is also an opinion that acnes can be caused by dirty skin. It is a real myth. The blackheads are not caused by dirt. Another popular mistake of scientists is that acnes can be a common condition with people who are predisposed to nervous diseases and stresses.
It is interesting to know that skin acne disease is spread with all races and ages. However, it is necessary to mention the fact that people aged between 12 and 25 are mostly predisposed to acnes. And as a rule the acnes disappear before thirty. Though there are some people who go on suffering the condition even in their forties and fifties.
Doctors single out several skin acne types. First of all they are blackheads and whiteheads. In order to cure these skin acne types doctors prescribe an OTC or topical treatment to people who have a mild stage of the acne development. Topical medicines are applied directly to the affected area or directly to the lesions. It is necessary to be careful with such a medicine as OTC because it can cause some side effects. For example, it can cause redness, irritation, burning and others. However, these side effects usually disappear as you go on taking the same medicine. In case the side effects do not disappear for a long time, it is necessary to consult the doctor and to stop the treatment.
Some other skin acne types are called pimples and cysts. They should be treated only by dermatologists as they are considered to be severe acne forms. These skin acne types are usually cured with the help of such a medicine as isotretinoin, a retinoid. It is an oral drug that can be taken one or two times a day during 15-20 weeks. It helps to decrease the growth of bacteria because it reduces the amount of the oil produced by skin follicles.