Skin cancer is almost number one in the range of the most severe diseases. During the past two decades the amount of skin cancer patients has dramatically increased. The main reason of this tendency is the cumulative exposure of the sun harmful ultraviolet rays. So, the most common way to get skin cancer is sun radiation, but at the same time there may be some other causes, for example, artificial sources (sunlamps, tanning booths, etc.).
Any person, not depending on the place and you live, your race, skin type or age may get skin cancer. But you should be ware that your risk to get skin cancer will be greater if your skin freckles easily, if you have light hair or eyes, large amount of moles (especially those of unusual shape or size), if you have a history with blistering sunburn. Another group of people who risk to get skin cancer are those, spending too much time outdoors, who live very close to the equator or in places with year-round sunshine.
To choose the most appropriate skin cancer treatment the doctor usually learns and take into consideration a wide range factors. First of all, it is necessary to suspect all the skin spots and nearby lymph nodes. To confirm the diagnosis of skin cancer the doctor usually requires biopsy to be made. This procedure is relatively easy and quick; it is conducted with a local anesthesia. Biopsy means removing of the suspected spot for further laboratory tests. Sometimes it occurs that during the biopsy all the skin cancer cells are remover. In this case the person will not require any further skin cancer treatment. But sometimes when skin cancer spreads to near body parts some additional tests and procedures may necessary to be carried out. For example, X-rays, lymph and scans biopsy.
Among other important factors taking into account by the doctor before choosing the skin cancer treatment there are: size and type of cancer, its stage and level of spread to other parts of the body, where it is situated, etc. Only then the doctor ill be able to make a decision regarding the type of skin cancer treatment required.
Very often skin cancer treatment includes some surgical procedures or radiation therapy in special skin cancer clinics. If the skin cancer is large and spreading to near body parts doctors offer the patient the skin cancer surgery to be carried out. It's wondering, but surgery is one of the most commonly used skin cancer treatment. Approximately in 90% of cases people are treated with special surgery. Skin cancer surgery usually includes such procedures as cryosurgery (killing the cancer cells by freezing the tumor), curettage and electrodesiccation (using the electric current), laser therapy (cancer cells are removed by narrow beam of light), grafting (using the skin draft to remove the damaged skin), Moh's micrographic surgery (simple removing of cancer cells).
Thus, if the cancer is small the procedure of skin cancer surgery can be done easily and quickly using a local anesthesia. But in case when the disease has spread to other body parts (for example, lymph glands) the major surgery is required. So, it is better to be informed about skin cancer more earlier to have less harmful consequences and mercy skin cancer treatment.