Psychoanalysis as the way to gain self-esteem

The main task of psychoanalysis is to find connections between unconscious parts of the human mental activity. Traditionally it is the method of associations which is used for that. Sigmund Freud is considered to be one of the pioneering scientists working at psychoanalysis. The modern psychoanalysis helps patients gain self-esteem, overcome death fear as well as maintain some relationships which appear to be incompatible.
Psychoanalysis can be defined as a kind of insight-oriented or psychodynamic therapy. It is a therapeutic treatment used for curing some psychoses and neuroses. Psychoanalysis can also be viewed as a family of psychological methods and theories which are based on pioneering works of Sigmund Freud. Those who support psychoanalysis consider it to be a science, those who criticize it consider psychoanalysis a pseudoscience. It can be explained by the fact that psychoanalysis as a technique of psychotherapy searches for connections between the unconscious parts of the human mental processes. This is done through a systematic way by means of associations. The fundamental subject of classical psychoanalysis is unconscious life patterns that reveal with the help of free associations. The main aim of any analyst is to help his analysand liberate from unconscious and unexamined barriers of resistance and transference. It is necessary to mention the fact that recent goals of psychoanalysis are a little bit different from previous ones. Today psychoanalysis is aimed at helping the patient acquire self-esteem by means of greater trust of oneself, overcoming death fear and its effects on the current behaviour and of course maintaining several relationships that seem to be incompatible. Different types of psychoanalytic therapy are considered to be rather effective but unfortunately they still lack scientific evidence of its theoretical foundations. Recently psychoanalysis has been renamed into psychodynamic. It has been done because the definition of psychoanalysis referring to Freud was recognized as misleading. In spite of the fact that the term of psychoanalysis was renamed, there are a lot of people who unaware of it and continue calling it psychoanalysis. Nevertheless both words can be used as synonyms. It was Sigmund Freud who first devised psychoanalysis in the 1890s in Vienna. The man worked as a neurologist who was searching for an effective treatment of patients with hysterical or neurotic symptoms. Working with such patients made Freud come to the conclusion that their problems came from culturally unacceptable, that is why unconscious and repressed, fantasies and desires of sexual nature. Time passed and Freud's theory developed. Later it also included sexual fantasies and desires of aggressive character. Freud considered these life aspects as instinctive drives. Freud's description of libido contained all life-furthering and creative instincts. As for the death instinct, it was represented as an instinctive desire to return to the state of calm or the state of non-existence. Since the days of Freud, psychoanalysis has significantly developed and changed, especially as the study of intersubjective, interpersonal and personal sense of self. Speaking about the most outstanding psychoanalysts, it is possible to name Karen Horney, Wilfred Bion, Erik Erikson, Sandor Ferenczi, Andre Green, Carl Jung, Melanie Klein and others.
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