Aromatherapia ? Relax Your Body and Mind With a Sense of Smell

Aromatherapia is the use of the perfumed oils of plants for psychological and physical influence. It is authentically confirmed that scented oils were widely applied more than 6000 years ago in Greece, Rome and in ancient Egypt. Doctors consider that regular use of scented oils can restore balance and harmony in a person's body, while at the same time calming the mind and soothing emotions. It may seem to someone that all scented oils are absolutely harmless, as they are widely available in stores and boutiques.

The beneficial influences of aromatherapia have been known since the beginning of recorded history. In the "Treatise about cardiacs", Avicenna wrote that the red rose Damask contained in it aromatic substances that could cause a loss of consciousness. In a treasury of medieval medicine "Odor from Maine" it is underlined that the aroma of violets is useful at a "heavy" head (Gejhman, 1986). In Ancient Egypt and Assyria the temples were fumigated with special aromas, while in Rome, premises were irrigated with fragrant waters. In the East for a long time it was defined according to the smell whether the person is sick or not (Escarev, 1995).

But it's not only the doctors of antiquity who knew the benefits of aromatherapia.  Aromatic oil is contained in a variety of plants: in seeds, a bark, roots, leaves, colors, wood, pitch. Orange oil can be extracted from the fruit peel of bitter orange, and also from flowers, runaways and leaves. A pink tree contains various kinds of oils in fruits, stalks and leaves. Needles, wood and pine pitch also contain various aromatic oils. The art of extracting and developing these substances developed rather slowly, as original methods and techniques were quite primitive. But over time, procedures steadily improved.

In Indian cultures, aromatic substances were used both during religious practices, and for the medical purposes. In China, there are ancient traditions of herbal treatment which are closely connected to art of acupuncture; the first descriptions of this method of treatment are documented in books written more than two thousand years B.C.

Aromatherapia is the use of scented oils for medicinal purposes {Redford, 1996}. It is also defined as a science regarding the treatment by smells. This concept for the first time was introduced by the French chemist R.M.Gattefosse in 1937. Treating a small burn, he casually lowered his hand in a bowl with lavender oil. The hand was quickly cured left almost no scar. But aromatherapia has its limitations, and is not known for curing any serious diseases.

Nevertheless, many odors (especially odors of aromatic plants and odors of scented oils), certainly can affect the health and outlook of an individual. For the greatest effect, doctors combine aroma with a sound, reflex therapy, hypnosis, etc. Thus the great value has a background on which a person perceives a smell. It can be diversified and include both an impurity of other smells, and all previous medical experiences of the person.

Aromatic oil contains components which can influence the chemical processes in an individual's body that, in turn, affects the work of separate bodies or systems. For example, when oils are applied externally via massage, they are easily absorbed by the skin and influence the whole organism. Thus, massaging body with aromatic oils can detoxify the body.

For example, if you rub the soles of the feet with garlic, this odor will present itself through the pores of the skin or even a person's breath. It is necessary to note that aromatic oils are absorbed in a skin at different speeds. For example, absorption of caraway seed oil is 20-40 minutes, oils of bergamot and a lemon is 40-60 minutes, oils of pine, a lavender and a geranium is about 60-80 minutes, and oils of a coriander, mints takes about 100-120 minutes.

Physicians and botanists of long ago began to study the properties of geraniums and fichus plants which were cultivated in room conditions. Many of them with the help of aromatherapia clear the air from harmful bacteria, improve a microclimate, and render medical effect to many different diseases.

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