Adiposity is one of the most actual problems of the modernity. Surplus of fats and simple carbohydrates in food, an unbalanced diet and intake of nutritious and mineral substances, non-uniform schedule use of food render a negative effect on the metabolism in an organism of a human. Irregular use of food or absorption of great volume of food at once provokes stretching of the stomach. The stretched stomach demands constant increase in volume of eaten food. As a result regular hyper-alimentation arises and the process of adiposity begins.
Treatment for adiposity can be carried out by complex methods; however at adiposity of 2-4 degrees in an organism irreversible pathological processes can begin. In this case many doctors recommend carrying out gastric bypass surgery.
Speaking about gastric bypass surgery it is necessary to note that the given operation is one of most radical methods of weight reduction. However, carrying out of this operation is expedient at presence of certain gastric bypass surgery indications. Gastric bypass surgery indications are possible to attribute to number: adiposity of 2-4 degrees, presence of diseases accompanying adiposity, infringement of metabolism, some functional diseases of digestive path. Besides it is necessary to tell in more detail about gastric bypass surgery's mechanism.
At operation the stomach is divided into two departments, one of which has volume about 50 ml. Thus, the opportunity of hyper-alimentation is practically excluded. Besides the surgeon changes the form of small site of the gastro-enteric path so that the food could pass on the short way. As a result of this manipulation, the area of food digestion and adsorption of nutrients is reduced. Due to reduction of the size of stomach and change of thin gut form, weight reduction is reached 70- 80%.
Besides speaking about gastric bypass surgery the special attention should be turned on the technique introduction of surgical tools. Operation is carried out with the use of endoscopy techniques. The size of punctures does not exceed 2 sm. The small size of damages allows to reduce the postoperative period and to keep integrity of an integument.
However, the given operation can entail the occurrence of some people gastric bypass surgery risks and complications. To a number of the most widespread gastric bypass surgery risks and complications concern: vomiting, narrowing of gastro-enteric mouth, ulcer of stomach or thin gut, infringement of functioning of intestines (diarrhea, lock and intestinal colic), dryness of hair and integument, dumping - syndrome. Besides as a result of sharp decrease in consumed food in an organism deficiency of mineral substances and vitamins can arise.
These problems can be solved with the help of the special balanced diet which is appointed by the doctor. Observance of diet is one of the most important factors for normal process of rehabilitation.
Nevertheless, speaking about gastric bypass surgery it is necessary to note, that at infringement of diet and absence of physical exercises, is possible increase weight of body up to an initial level.