Mergers, acquisitions and corporate restructuring take big parts of the corporate finance world; a reverse triangular merger form of acquisition is often used for regulatory reasons. Mergers and acquisitions processes are active on a daily basis, arranging transactions, which bring separate companies together to form larger ones.
The reverse triangular merger, in fact, is a subsidiary of the acquiring corporation merging with the target firm stock. The initiator of the merger obtains the target stock as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the acquirer and shareholders of the target and gets shares of the acquirer.
Deals, worth hundreds of millions, or even billions of dollars, are managed with one only purpose - to get higher profits and progressing the development. These transactions happen all the time. If not for absorbing one company by another one, the reverse triangular merger may be used to bring the companies through spin-offs, carve-outs or tracking stocks.
What forces companies to buy or merge with the others or sell parts of their own businesses? To know is for good and bad in every certain case to merge or to be bought by another company, let us have a better idea of the merging process as a whole. Tax consequences for companies and for investors are also worth mentioning.
The very reason of the reverse triangular merger strategy is adding a shareholder value over and above that of the sum of the two companies. Two companies together are more valuable than two separate companies. This is particularly important for the companies, when times are tough. Strong companies buy other companies to create a more competitive, cost-efficient company. The reverse triangular merger in this case can be fruitful for both sides to gain a greater market share or to achieve greater efficiency. Due to these potential benefits, target companies will often agree to be purchased, when they know they cannot survive alone.
When merging, the companies hope to benefit from staff reductions, economies of scale, from acquiring new technologies, to get an improved market reach and industry visibility. Companies, acquiring each other, can pursue the same aim, though former shareholders and the most of employees of the company are out of play in this case.
There are situations, when this or another company is sold out by parts, in the absence of other ways out. Such cases, as well as offering new shares to the public by companies that initially went private through past LBOs, are called a leveraged buyout. The company, however, can bring back a company into a publicly traded status that had been privatized by the leveraged buyout. In this case, we deal with the reverse leveraged buyout. Both of those processes take place, when companies are attempting to obtain cash in order to reduce their debt to more manageable levels. This debt may have appeared from operating activities or from the company's previous LBO. Thus, when you are unable to reduce your debts in any other possible way, you may consider the leverage buyout, being able also to bring your company back with a help of the reverse leveraged buyout. An individual investor can profit from such buyouts through the purchase of the debt, traditionally undergoing and fulfilling all bank requirements due to the certain deal.
The last, but not the least, advice you may need is the following: whether you are in the direct competition and share the same product lines and markets with one company, or you have nothing in common when merging, mind that mergers are hard to get right and you need to look for acquiring companies with a healthy grasp of reality.