We all happen to be project managers in our everyday life, while planning a birthday party or a holiday trip. We set an objective, make up a plan and organize our activity so that the objective is reached. Speaking in general, project management in business is a similar process. But obviously, business projects, such as development and introduction of new services or conducting an advertising campaign for a new product, demand more responsibility and expertise than planning a home party. Within business, the word "project" can be defined as an undertaking with a certain start and finish, and some complexity. For example, the work of a manufacturing line can not be a project as it is a continuous process without a discrete finish.
Business community is constantly growing and effective managers are in great demand nowadays. Requirements for project managers are also increasing. Today to be a successful project manager a person should be specially prepared to perform numerous functions. Project managers are responsible for defining the project and making a detailed plan of work, obtaining necessary resources and allocating them to the tasks, monitor and fully control the work. Project managers also have a highly responsible duty of building a team and motivating its members. To conclude, a project manager carefully plans the work taking into account the limits of resources, time and quality (or functionality) constraints, and is responsible for solving all the problems that can happen.
Specialists distinguish two main approaches in project management. According to the first one, the work of a project manager is seen as a sequence of steps to be completed. The second approach, on the contrary identifies project management as a set of relatively little tasks rather than a process.
No matter which view a professional shares, to perform all the functions a project manager should have excellent organizational and analytical skills, be able to plan complex tasks and set reachable objectives. Project managers should possess a valuable ability to negotiate, persuade and motivate people, have good presentation skills. These are the main requirements, but sometimes an effective project manager should be a specialist also in the corresponding sphere of industry. For example, how can an internet business manager evaluate technical risks or know what results expect from testers without understanding the dynamics behind the work of the project? Nevertheless, there is no common opinion among the specialists about the issue. Sometimes when a project manager is generally acquainted with the sphere, but has excellent organizational skills it is enough to achieve success.
Last, but not least is the psychological side of this activity. Quite often project managers complain about the constant stress caused by their job. A project manager can contribute greatly to the benefits of the company if a project succeeds. At the same time, a project manager will be blamed in case of failure. The results of the work can influence a specialist's salary or the position within the company. Clear enough, high responsibility that project managers take upon themselves can be the reason for great tension.
However, the risks and strict requirements of this profession attract many people. Their greatest challenge is to complete the task by the deadline and within the limits of the budget. This job brings to them new tasks and gives opportunities for further personal development. If you have good analytical and communicative skills, high energy and great desire to achieve success, the project manager job is probably for you.