If you loan money and are to have your interest once a month, months or years you should get a fixed income security. When a company does it, it is called a bond. Fixed income securities can be contrasted with variable return securities, such as stocks. In order for a company to grow as a business, it must raise money. Investors will only give money to the company if they believe that they will be given something in return. The difference between stocks and bonds can be easily explained: to grow a company can either pledge a part of itself by giving equity in the company (stock), or the company can give a promise to pay a regular interest and borrow the money (bond). Thus, fixed-income securities are the financial instruments that provide interest earnings and the return of principal at maturity. What they are also involved in is making an investor loan money to work for a government entity or a corporation for a specified time.
Interest payments in fixed-income securities can be made annually, semi-annually, or monthly, or they may compound until the date of maturity. Whether you invest in treasury securities, agency securities, corporate bonds or municipal bonds, you obtain the multi-dimensional fixed-income markets, which are the result of the differences in currency, maturity, credit, structure and trading method of the respective market segments.
If you decide to invest into fixed-income securities, it is most probable that you are typically looking for a constant and secure return on the investment. A common rule for every investment is to avoid risks, you should always know about the situation in the market. The paradox lies in fact that when a price of bonds is high, you will not buy it, though if it becomes low, only the knowledge of further perspectives of the organization and the certain market will bring you profits, when buying such a bond. This fact makes it always risky to deal, even with fixed income securities that are considered to be the safest among the others.
Another complicating factor of investing into fixed income securities is also that those securities are actually traded in the open market, exactly like stocks. As far as bonds are usually traded in certain amounts, if the current interest rate is six percent, but you want to obtain a seven percent interest, you will have to pay a premium to get the amount you want, and conversely, if you need only five thousand each year, you can obtain that bond at a discount.
Bonds are generally less volatile than stocks and adding bonds to your stock portfolio may help stabilize its overall performance. One more important point to pay attention to is a taxable fixed income you can have from bonds. If you are concerned about your taxes, municipal securities may be a good choice for you. Issued by state and local governments, these securities pay interest that is exempt from a federal income tax. The income may be the subject to the Alternative Minimum Tax (AMT) for investors in high tax brackets. Consult with your tax advisor to determine a tax effect for your particular situation.
It becomes evident that to establish investment guidelines and objectives, you should have an access to a wide variety of fixed income securities, available to help maximize returns on the excess working capital, and such organizations, like Client Investment Strategies for instance, can help you define a potential of your issuers.