How does birth control pill works?
There are various hormonal methods for birth control, which work by changing the chemistry of a woman's body. It is a fact that male sperm cannot fertilize if there is no egg released. This concept is widely agreed as a proven mechanism to prevent pregnancy. Oral contraceptive makes it difficult for sperm to reach the egg to prevent fertilization. Women naturally produce two types of hormones namely, estrogen and progestin. All the contraceptives that are based on hormones contain artificial estrogen and progestin as their ingredient.
Advantages of oral contraceptives
Benefits of taking a birth control pill is that these help in gaining lighter and shorter menstruation periods. Helps in decreasing menstrual cramps, reduced ovarian cysts, ectopic pregnancy, pelvic inflammatory disease, anemia, rheumatoid arthritis, and most importantly, endometrial cancer and ovarian cancer.
Side Effects of birth control pills
There are certain side effects associated with an oral contraception such as:
1. Blurred vision
2. Severe headache
3. Uncommon leg or thigh pain
4. Severe chest pain or coughing
5. Abdominal pain
Types of birth control pills
There are four types of oral contraceptives broadly diversified:
1. Combined pills that contains both estrogen and progestin and is the most common type of pills used.
2. Emergency contraceptive pills used to avoid pregnancy in those cases in which the females can become pregnant because of unprotected sexual intercourse. This has to be taken within 3 days of the sexual intercourse.
3. Minipill that is used by women who are unable to take estrogen for some reason because these pills does not contain estrogen.
4. Phased regimen pill are rarely used now a days but mostly by women who are over the age of 35 years.
Plan B is one of emergency oral contraceptive pills that help to prevent unwanted pregnancy.
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