Prostate gland is one of the three glands which are necessary for the function of reproduction. The gland is known to produce a sticky fluid which consists of enzymes and acids. This fluid is what makes up for a significant percentage of the total volume of semen. This fluid also helps in sustaining the sperm cells that are produced by the testicles. Once someone is diagnosed with prostate cancer physicians then carry out several tests in order to determine the stage of the cancer. Although many types of treatment are available, usually when the disease is at an advanced stage removal of prostate is the only option left.
The entire treatment procedure depends on the spread of the cancer, its location and the speed with which it is spreading. In many instances removal of prostate is the only option that is left with surgeons; the entire process of surgery which involves removal of prostate takes anywhere between two to four hours to perform. Once the removal of prostate takes place the patients then have to stay in the hospital for around 4 to 5 days. Removal of prostate can sometimes also lead to other complications. One of them includes impotence and the other common one being incontinence. Incontinence is the inability of a person to control urination.
Apart from removal of prostate there are other types of treatment too which are available as far as prostate cancer goes. In certain cases doctors adopt a wait and watch policy where in the cancer is monitored regular and not actually treated. This is in cases when a doctor feels that the cancer is slow growing and when they feel that someone may not have a chance to die from the disease. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy is also used extensively in the treatment of prostate cancer. Cryotherapy is another type of treatment method that is widely used to treat prostate cancer.
Prostate cancer is something that is known to afflict thousands of men around the world each year. In many of the cases since the patients neglect the symptoms ultimately removal of prostate is the only option left with them. The risk factors for this type of cancer can include various things such as health history, race and age; Doctors always advice men about 50 to undergo screening tests for prostate cancer every year for this very reason. Prevention is often considered the best type of treatment when it comes to prostate cancer.
It is always best that someone diagnosed with prostate cancer doesn’t settle for one opinion. It is always preferable to seek a second opinion. You can find plenty of useful information on prostate cancer and the various types of treatment that are available to treat the condition. From removal of prostate through surgery to other methods of treatment you can find plenty of valuable information over the internet.