The concept of sacred sexuality has been around for a long time and while there are no written records to prove this it's believed that sacred sexuality dates back to an ancient culture known as the Lemurians. They believed that by living with body and soul in harmony rather than separate entities as the Judeo-Christian ideology suggests that life is more fulfilling and can be lived more harmoniously. Many historians, anthropologists, and archaeologists who have studied the historical aspects of those believers in sacred space speculate that all other ancient arts of sacred sexuality are remnants of those begun by this original culture.
Modern pursuers of these ancient sexual arts find that sacred sexuality and the concept of sacred space are exemplified by those practitioners of Tantra as well as Taoist Sexology. A Sanskrit word composed of two parts, the prefix tan which means "to expand, join or weave" and tra meaning "tool", Tantra can be said to have a two-fold meaning, a tool to liberate and bring together. While there are written forms of Tantra such as the Kama Sutra, which is speculated to have been written around the time of Christ, the purest form of Tantra was learned by way of initiations and personal instruction into the ways of sacred practices.
Taoism emphasizes the balance between male and female energies as does Tantric philosophy but the actual practical expression in the sacred sense is more scientific and focuses on the body, its meridians and energy systems. Tantra uses more ceremonies and ritual and focuses less on tensing and controlling the body when enjoying sacred space than does Taoist sexology. Both ideologies have been successfully pursuing their art of sexual practice in their own sacred way for thousands of years. Both Tantra and Taoist sexology are felt to be thousands of years old and both adhere to the concept of balancing the female and male energies and while different names are used to denote male and female, Shakti and Shiva for Tantrics and yin and yang for Taoists both systems have the goal of total physical and spiritual union as the ultimate goal.
So far those spiritual and religious ideologies that retained their belief in the sacred of sexuality and sacred space have been the focus of this article. There have been other spiritual and religious ideologies that pursued the union and fulfillment found between the sacred union of male and female that have not been able to continue because of changes in religious ideologies.
Most specifically the relegation of the arts and ideologies ascribed to sacred sexuality were plunged into obscurity with the advent of the Judeo-Christian concepts of what is deemed to be sinful and what is deemed to be appropriate behavior. The foundation of Christian dogma that sex was 'sinful', that humans couldn't possibly consider themselves sacred but were separated from such spirituality by virtue of 'original sin' became the credo which swept the world.
The arts of sacred sexuality were obviously never completely eradicated and are enjoying a resurgence in popularity today. Not only do those inhabitants of countries who have been adherents to its sacred principles for centuries still practice but knowledge is spreading and sacred space is being sought out worldwide. Historically speaking sacred sexuality can be considered a survivor.