The subject of oral contraceptives and other birth controls is a highly controversial topic in many religious sects in the modern day world, and there is no religious movement where this is more clear than in the movement called Christianity. There is a huge amount of variation in different sects' viewpoints on how appropriate oral contraceptives, sterilization, and other birth controls are for use by pious, spiritually responsible people living in the world today. Even within a certain religious group, like protestant Christians, the rules surrounding use of oral contraceptives and similar birth controls can vary from region to region depending on the unique interpretations of religious law by different officials of the church.
The various Christian sects are the source of some of the most heated arguments on both sides of the debate about the use of oral contraceptives. Oral contraception and all other birth controls which could be employed by modern couples were condemned nearly unanimously by all the notable sects of Christianity up through the 1930s. However, this began to change when the Anglican branch of protestant Christianity decided to embrace the use of oral contraception and other birth controls by its members.
The landscape of morality surrounding the use of oral contraception and other birth controls is constantly changing and shifting even as we speak. As recently as 2005 the Church of England was still somewhat divided on the issue, although gradually those in favor of the use of oral contraception and other birth controls are gaining the most ground in the argument over whether contraception is morally appropriate. The Lutheran church, which has a larger following in the united states of America than it does elsewhere in the world, has all but openly embraced the use of oral contraception and other birth controls.
However, not all branches of Christianity are as progressive as the Lutherans about the topic of oral contraception and other birth controls. The Catholic branch of the Christian church for example remains notoriously anti-contraception almost across the board. Some catholics feel that it is allowable to employ "natural family planning" options, such as the rhythm method, but the official catholic doctrine remains that the use of oral contraception and other birth controls is immoral and against the will of god. The catholic church argues that sexual abstinence is the only truly viable and moral form of contraception.
The various branches of Christianity are quite divided on the issue of oral contraception and other birth controls when it comes to official doctrine. As complicated as this situation seems, it is actually even more complex when you look at it closely. Each member of every branch of every religious movement has their own personal take on the doctrines of the church, and their own unique and specific interpretation of religious texts.
The use of oral contraception and other birth controls may be considered appropriate by one person who considers themselves a responsible member of the catholic church, and the use of oral contraception and other birth controls may be shunned as immoral by some members of the more liberal sects of Christianity, like the Anglicans.