Diagnosis of Measles is usually done by an exposure history and the symptomatic rash appearance.
Treatment of the Measles can be done within the home unless complications arise and recover can take a little over 14 days. A lot of rest and drinking many fluids is very important in the recovery period with Measles, due to possible dehydration. For fever associated with this virus, over the counter fever reducers should be taken as directed every 4-6 hours as needed. Sometimes sensitivity of the eyes comes with symptoms of the Measles, when this occurs, light should be dimmed, rest of the eyes is needed and TV watching or reading a book should be limited until this symptom resides. No one should come into contact with the person infected with Measles that has not ever had Measles or has never received immunization from the virus as the contagion rate is very high.
Complicating Measles symptoms were a physician should be called immediately include confusion, disorientation, fever lasting more than a 10-day period, sore throat, ear aches, diarrhea, congestion of the chest, dehydration signs, headaches which are severe, stiff or soreness within the neck, difficulty with waking and diarrhea. Your local department of health should be notified of your child’s diagnosis of Measles as soon as it is made, fro their records and files of cases for the year.
Prevention of Measles can be done by vaccination which gives protection against this virus. This injection is usually combined within two other vaccines for Measles and the Rubella and the Mumps as well.
Children or infants are more at risks and susceptible to getting the Measles virus.
Measles stage one symptoms include nose running, eyes which are irritated and watering, fever low in grade and light sensitivity. The next stage of symptoms involves increasing fever at times reaching as high as 104 degrees, a developing rash that is red in color starting out on the facial area then spreading its way over the arms, chest and legs and within the mouth spots that are white and small appear. All of these symptoms usually run their course and start clearing up within about 5-7 days.
Measles complications that are very severe happen mostly within the under-nourished, under-privileged and the lower economic classes of people. These complications are pneumonia, encephalitis, infections of the ear, abscesses of the lungs and lower tolerance to recovery from the disease. In these severe cases, medical attention should be sought immediately and care within a hospital environment may also be necessary.
Tips on keeping a Measles patient comfortable and rested include making sure the room is kept cool, the patients clothing is made of cotton, is cool and feels comfortable to them, Ibuprofen or Acetaminophen should be given at the recommended dosages for fever reduction, fluids should be given to the patient constantly throughout the day to help in maintaining urination and keeping them hydrated as well, if infection of the chest, ears or throat are symptomatic complications antibiotics will need to be given as the physician has directed. Adding a little extra in Vitamin-A supplement wouldn’t be a bad idea either.