Rather than the scientific dietary guidelines, (rice in particular) and cereals make up the main part of the diet. These are seen as being naturally balanced in the terms of the yin and yang properties each food holds. Very sweet foods and dairy products are very yin in nature. Red meat and the salty foods are very yang in nature.
Foods yin/yang properties are determined by several different properties: where the food grows (root vegetables versus fruits from treetops), acidity of foods, location where the food is natively grown, color, shape, flavor and content of moisture in the food.
Some people who include these practices from the macrobiotic diet into their lives form a macrobiotic lifestyle. This means those who practice living this way observe the yin and yang in everything they do. They strive to live in harmony with nature, as well as their physical surroundings, and have happiness and balance in their daily lives.
The macrobiotic diet composition includes whole cereals: 50-60%, beans 10%, soup: 5-10%, seaweed: 5%, vegetables, and fruit: 25-30%. The rest consists of nuts, seeds, oils, spices, whitefish, sea salt and desserts.
Most foods included in the macrobiotic diet are prepared in these various ways steaming, boiling, oven baking, frying, and tempura, in a pressure cooker, sukiyaki, nabe and ohitashi.
When practicing the macrobiotic diet you should cook according to the time of year it is. In the summer months, you should use light cooking style, steaming, quick cooking, etc, summer pumpkins, sweet corn, fruit and large leaved greens. In the spring wild grain species, germs, food with decreasing powerful energy and use a light cooking style such as cooking for a short period, steaming, etc. In the autumn months root vegetables, winter pumpkins, cereals, beans, etc, and food with increasingly powerful energy. For the winter months use round vegetables, root vegetables, pickles, more shoyu oil, salt and miso, any hot powerful food.
The macrobiotic diet follows the principle of yin and yang, these are some products that are not used in the macrobiotic diet: coffee, alcohol, poultry, meat, honey, sugar, eggs, tropical fruit, refined sea salt and soft dairy products.
Japan is where the macrobiotic diet originated. It has a lot in common with the traditional Japanese cuisine of today. Many use much of the same ingredients and dishes as well.
Some of the macrobiotic dishes are rice balls, sushi, standard miso soup, miso soup with daikon and mochi.
The macrobiotic diet is not overall accepted as being a healthy practice. The Council of Foods and Nutrition of the American Medical Association and the Committee on Nutrition of the Pediatrics have roundly condemned the more restrictive of the macrobiotic diet for nutritional inadequacies. Strictly following these diets can lead to anemia, hypoproteinemia, hypocalcaemia, scurvy, emaciation due to starvation, loss of the kidney function due to reduced fluid intake, other forms of malnutrition and even death could occur.
Once upon a time the macrobiotic diet cancer cure link was believed to be true by many followers. That was until Michio Kushi and Aveline Kushi, who were both leaders of the macrobiotic movement in the U.S., suffered from cancer, Ms. Kushi passed away in 2001 of cervical cancer at age 78, her daughter died of cancer in 1995 and Mr. Kushi is currently stricken with cancer.
So, if you are thinking about following the macrobiotic diet, check with your physician first and go over everything regarding this diet with them and get an overall health exam to make sure you are in good enough shape to start a diet like the macrobiotic diet in the first place. This is always wise to consult your physician when wanting to start any dieting trend.