Loss pregnancy is an increasing phenomenon in which a woman loses her baby during her pregnancy. A normal pregnancy lasts 40 weeks. The loss of pregnancy before 20 weeks is termed as early pregnancy loss. The loss pregnancy is mostly a case of miscarriage, or an ectopic pregnancy, a stillbirth or a molar pregnancy. Miscarriages occur in 15 to 20 percent of all pregnancies.
A miscarriage, medically called a spontaneous abortion, is the expulsion from the womb of a fetus not yet able to survive on its own. About one-third of all pregnancies end in miscarriage, most often before a woman even knows she's pregnant. Most miscarriages occur in the first three months of pregnancy. Only one percent occurs after 20 weeks gestation. Bleeding is the most common sign of a miscarriage. This is why bleeding during early pregnancy is called the threatened miscarriage. Sometimes mild cramping of the lower stomach or a low backache may occur along with bleeding and this is a clear symptom of early pregnancy loss.
One of the most common causes for early loss pregnancy is a chromosomal abnormality within the fetus. This is rarely an inherited problem and occurs spontaneously. A large portion of miscarriages falls into the "unknown" category. Infections affecting the uterus and fetus lack of women's hormones and chronic diseases such as diabetes carry higher risks for a miscarriage. Lifestyle factors such as smoking, alcohol use and illegal drugs use increase the risk of early pregnancy loss
Molar pregnancy is a rare case of loss pregnancy. It results in the growth of abnormal tissue. In the United States, molar pregnancy occurs in 1 of every 1,000 to 1,200 pregnancies. The most common symptom is vaginal bleeding during the first trimester. Among other signs of molar pregnancy is a uterus that is too large for the stage of the pregnancy or ovarian cysts. Early pregnancy loss by any of these causes is traumatic.
Loss pregnancy maybe due to chromosomal abnormalities or uterine defects. Women who don't have "morning sickness" during pregnancy are more likely to miscarry for the reasons connected in part to hormonal levels. Many studies report that women past age 35 miscarry at twice the rate of younger women. However, that rate is not the same for all women in that age group.
Loss pregnancy is a terrible ordeal whatever be the causes or the symptoms. Pregnancy loss support is critical for the mother who has lost her unborn child and with it her dreams and aspirations of the baby. Not even her husband can truly empathise with her condition. Pregnancy loss support may come from parents, relatives, friends, community organizations or online support groups. The aim of this pregnancy loss support should be to rid the mother of any feelings of guilt, anger, and denial and help her pass from grieving to healing.
Joining support groups and exchanging thoughts with others with similar experiences can be therapeutic. Whether early or late, the loss is an emotionally crippling experience which needs specific pregnancy loss support from the family, the doctor and the society.