Adoption issues can frequently arise over the claims of a birth mother. In most cases, the courts will honor the request of the birth mother to have a child that she earlier gave-up for adoption. That fact can discourage the willingness of young couples to become adoptive parents.
A second adoption issue can have an equally damaging effect on the willingness of young couples to adopt an orphaned or abandoned child. That issue concerns the mountain of paperwork that confronts any two adoptive parents. That paperwork does nothing to encourage foster parents to adopt a child that they have cared for. In fact, it can serve as a barrier to the prospect of a joyous adoption.
Some adoption issues arise in response to certain communication efforts. For example, some biological parents seek to communicate with a child that they once put up for adoption. At other times an adopted child might try to find and communicate with a biological parent.
If adoptive parents have the necessary level of understanding, they can usually deal with a generous amount of communication between an older adopted child and his or her biological parents. Sometimes, for example, an older adoptive child marries and has children. That parent-to-be might then need details about his or her family’s health history.
Adoption issues can create a more contentious situation when they involve a younger adopted child. Sometimes biological parents challenge the right of adoptive parents to continue caring for an adopted child. The biological parents contest that right. About 2% of the 50,000 annual adoptions in the United States lead to a contested adoption.
Contested adoptions can serve as the basis for an intriguing plot in a Hollywood movie, but they do not present themselves as easy-to-solve adoption issues. Contested adoptions seldom have a happy ending. They tend to underscore the limited rights of the adopted parents.
Certain health professionals, namely psychologists would like to see adoptive parents receive greater backing from the legal community. Psychologists have emphasized the significant role played by adoptive parents. They appreciate how a child can develop close ties to a caring adoptive parent.
Despite the words of advice from respected psychologists, few judges have sided with adoptive parents during a contested adoption. In order to alter that fact, some groups have turned the issue of parental rights from an adoption issue into a political issue.
At this point in time the future of some adoption issues appears to be in the hands of the voting public. Since not all members of the public are familiar with all the particulars of the process of adoption, it is hard to guess how the public voters might chose to act, once inside the voting booth.